Holden Models

This is a compilation of Holden Models made by General Motors Holden from 1948 until production stopped in 2017. In this guide we will only cover Holden Models from 1948 series to HR series 1968. Holden Models 1968 to 1978 Kingswood, Belmont, Premier and Statesmen. 1978 to 2017 Commodore models. Other Holden Models such as Torana, Sunbird, Astra, Colorado etc will be covered separately.

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48 Series. It started with the first Australian car production in 1948

The Holden 48-215 was produced by General Motors Holden Australia from November 1948 to October 1953. A derivative, known as the 50-2106 and sold as the Holden Coupe Utility . This was produced from January 1951.

The 48-215 was the first car from GM Australia to use the Holden name. The official name of “Holden 48-215” was dropped in favour of the shortened “Holden” name.

The design was originally created in the US by Chevrolet. It wasn’t used because it was perceived too small for the U.S. market. The design became the basis of the 48-215 model. Its American origins are obvious, as it resembles Chevrolet’s of the time that made it into production, such as the Fleetline Aerosedan and also the second generation Deluxe.

48 Series

Specifications 48 Series:

Produced in 2 variations Holden Models: 4 door sedan 48-215, 2 door coupe utility 50-2106

Front engine rear wheel drive

Engine: 2171cc 45kw

Transmission: 3 speed manual

Wheelbase: 2620mm

Length: 4370mm

Width: 1699mm

Height: 1570mm

Curb Weight: 1010kg

 

FJ Holden  introduced 1953 until 1956. Exports to New Zealand started in 1954. Little changed from the 1948 series. The FJ featured a bolder horizontal styled grille, with comfort and decoration upgrades in a new sedan model the ‘Holden Special’.

In 1955 the FJ had a mild interior facelift for the Holden Special sedan, along with variation’s in paint and trim options.

Specifications FJ :

Produced in 3 variations Holden Models: 4-door sedan, 2-door coupe utility, 2-door panel van.

Front engine rear wheel drive

Engine: 2170cc 48kw standard on all Holden Models

Transmission: 3 speed manual

Wheelbase: 2620mm

Length: 4401mm

Width: 1702mm

Height: 1581mm

Curb weight: 1021kg

Number produced: 169,969

FJ Sedan

FJ Holden Coupe Utility

 

 

FE, Holden’s next model, the FE launched in 1956, offered in a new Station Wagon body style dubbed “Station Sedan”. The FE is the first Holden to be assembled in New Zealand, by General Motors New Zealand the first car built on 31 January 1957.

FE Sedan

The FE was built on a longer wheelbase than the FJ. They were a totally different stye, the FJ models used a body shape carried over from the original 48 series which was introduced in 1948. A single piece windscreen was fitted, other improvements included a 12 volt electrical system (replacing the previous 6 volt system), steering was improved, with a front stabiliser bar and wider wheel rims. The model range used a 2262 cc in-line six cylinder engine, with a 3-speed manual transmission. Engine improvements over the FJ included the use of bigger valves and the lifting of the compression ratio to 6.8:1, which increased the power output from 45 kW to 53 kW

Specifications FE:

Produced in 7 variations of Holden Models: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Business Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.

Engine: 2170cc 53kw

Transmission: 3 speed manual

Wheelbase: 2667mm

Length: 4470mm

Width: 1702mm

Height: 1549mm

Curb weight: 1080kg

Number produced: 155,161

 

FC Holden was introduced in May 1958 until 1960 which was a revised FC model The FC / FE is an Australian design, the styling is similar to a scaled-down 1955 Chevrolet.

FC Sedan

The FC series was much the same as the previous FE, it had changes to the radiator grille, body trim and interior. Minor mechanical improvements were made, changes to the engine, suspension, brakes, gear-change linkages and the steering box. The Utility now had painted rather than chromed grille and headlight rims, same as the Panel Van.

All models were powered by a 2.2 Litre 6 cylinder motor producing 54 kW. All models used a 3 speed manual transmission. This motor was carried over from the FE series, the camshaft was altered and compression ratio and torque was improved.

Specifications EH:

Produced in 7 variations: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.

Engine: 2170cc 53kw

Transmission: 3 speed manual

Wheelbase: 2667mm

Length: 4470mm

Width: 1702mm

Height: 1549mm

Curb weight: 1080kg

Number produced: 191,724

 

FB Holden was introduced in 1960, Holden introduced its third major new model, the FB. Styling was inspired by mid 1950s Chevrolet’s, with a wrap-around windscreen with “dog leg” A Pillars. By the time it was introduced, many considered the appearance dated. Much of the motoring industry at the time noted that the adopted style did not translate well to the more compact Holden. The FB became the first Holden that was adapted for left-hand drive markets, for markets. There were 147,747 vehicles manufactured.

FB Holden

The FB Holden was marketed as longer, lower, more spacious powerful than the FC model, but it was only slightly so on each point. Overall length was 140 mm larger,  the wheelbase remained the same. The engine bore was still 76 mm. Engine capacity remained the same at 2.2L but the compression ratio was raised. The extra 3 kW didn’t compensate for the greater weight of the FB, so performance was inferior . Changes were made to brakes, front coil springs, air cleaner and clutch.

Other styling differences were: the lower bonnet, finned rear mudguards with new taillights (on the sedans and wagons only) and a wrap-around windscreen. Seating was improved, as well the instrument panel.

Specifications FB:

Produced in 6 variations of Holden Models: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.

Engine: 2170cc 56kw.

Transmission: 3 speed manual.

Wheelbase: 2667mm

Length: 4610mm

Width: 1703mm

Height: 1521mm

Curb weight: 1122kg

Number produced: 147,747

EK Series Holden introduced the face-lifted EK in 1961. The new model featured two-tone paintwork and optional Hydra-matic automatic transmission.

EK Holden

The EK was introduced with four-door sedans with 2 two trim levels, five-door station wagons with 2 trim levels, a two-door coupe utility with a two-door panel van.

This model, was really a minor facelift of the previous FB, with the most obvious changes limited to a new grille of eight vertical bars instead of 6, and body side mouldings.  The finish: “Standard” vehicles were painted in a single colour with no additional trimming or fittings, while “Special”, the most popular model, came with stainless steel trims along the side and a white roof, as well as chrome Special badges, and two-tone vinyl interiors. Park lights were incorporated into the top grille bar, and other changes included new exterior badges, a revised interior trim, electric wipers, replacing the old vacuum-type. A new fresh-air unit with a new ventilation air intake located forward of the front screen.

The only significant mechanical change from the old  FB was the introduction of the first automatic transmission to be offered. Marketed as the Hydramatic, it was a well-regarded 3-speed unit and was fully imported from the US. It was only offered as an option on the Holden Special models. Other options included accessories, such as a bonnet lock, a locking tank cap, a car heater, external rear-view mirrors, or a sunshade.

Visually, the two commercial vehicles, the Utility and Panel Van, remained almost identical to the previous model, the FB. The FB rear quarter panels and tail lights were carried over to the EK commercials. However, the carrying capacity was increased from 410 to 510 kg by fitting upgraded springs.

Specifications EK:

Produced in 6 variations of Holden Models: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.

Engine: 2260cc 56kw

Transmission: 2 options 2 speed manual, 3 speed automatic.

Wheelbase: 2667mm

Length: 4617mm

Width: 1703mm

Height: 1521mm

Curb weight: 1121kg

Number produced: 150,214

The EK was sold in several markets in both left- and right-hand-drive configurations. Primary markets included New Zealand, South-East Asia, and the Pacific Islands. The EK was also sold in South Africa, where it was promoted the car “built for a country like ours.” Due to its rugged nature, it was very popular with farmers.

 

EJ Series: The EJ was a radical departure from the EK, with a lower roofline, a flatter boot and an no fins. Improvements were made to brakes, front suspension and Hydra-matic automatic transmission.

A new luxury model, the Premier, was introduced, with leather interior, bucket seats, metallic paint, a heater/demister with a centre console, and arm rests on all four doors. It had the Hydramatic 3-speed automatic transmission as standard, which was only optional on the other EJ models.

EJ Holden

Specifications EJ:

Produced in 7 variations of Holden Models: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Premier Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.

Engine: 2262cc 56kw

Transmission: 2 options 2 speed manual, 3-speed “Hydra-Matic” automatic transmission.

Wheelbase: 2667mm

Length: 4493mm

Width: 1727mm

Height: 1473mm

Curb weight: 1130kg

Number produced: 154,811

 

EH Series August 1963 to Feb 1965 it was the first Holden to incorporate the new “Red” engine The EH  had  7 main bearing crankshaft instead of the 4 main bearing crankshaft used in the “Grey” engine. A larger capacity 2400cc engine was only sold matched to a3-speed manual gear box or the “Hydramatic” automatic transmission with a (column shift). The first EH with a 2950cc engine and a manual gearbox was called the “EH-S4”, fitted with an up-graded manual gearbox and stronger gears than the 2400cc gearbox and up-graded clutch. The three-speed manual (column shift) gear boxes had no synchromesh on first and only synchromesh on second and third.

EH Holden

Specifications EH:

Produced in 9 variations of Holden Models: Standard Sedan, Standard Station Sedan, Special Sedan, Special Station Sedan S4 Special Sedan, Premier Sedan, Premier Station Sedan, Utility, Panel Van.

Engine: 2450cc (149)cu 75kw & 2950cc (179cu) 86kw

Transmission: 2 options 2 speed manual, 3-speed “Hydra-Matic” automatic transmission.

Wheelbase: 2692mm

Length: 4511mm

Width: 1727mm

Height: 1478mm

Curb weight: 1118kg

Number produced: 256,959

 

HD Series. This model had a completely new body, it was wider and longer than the EH and had significant increases in passenger & load space with increased equipment levels. Body styling had strong similarities to the FC Victor made by Vauxhall UK in the previous year, including the concave rear window. Disc brakes were an optional extra and offered for the first time on a Holden. The optional Hydramatic 3 speed automatic transmission as used in the EH was replaced by a Powerglide 2 speed transmission. The HD was the first Holden to be offered with a factory performance engine option, the “X2”. The HD is very often confused with the later HR model. The HR can be identified by the front indicators being mounted under the bumper the HR had round indicators mounted in the grill, the wrap around tail lights at the back. The HR had narrow lights that extended up the end of the rear fins but not around the edge.

HD Special Sedan

Specifications HD:

Produced in 8 variations of Holden Models: Standard Sedan, Standard Station Sedan, Special Sedan, Special Station Sedan, Premier Sedan, Premier Station Sedan, Utility, Panel Van.

Engine: 2450cc (149)cu 75kw & 2950cc (179cu) 86kw X2 2950cc (179cu) 104kw.

Transmission: 2 options 3 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” automatic transmission.

Wheelbase: 2692mm

Length: 4562mm Sedan, 4567 Wagon.

Width: 1778mm

Height: 1501mm Sedan, 1506 Wagon.

Curb weight: 1177kg

Number produced: 178,927

 

HR Series was released in April 1966 until 1968. With a revised grille, the HR reworked  the HD roofline and increased the size of the rear window on the sedans only, revised rear lights on sedans and wagons. There were changes to almost all exterior body panels. Other changes included revised ball joint front suspension a wider track, improved interior trim with woodgrain interior finish for the Premier models. Six months after the launch of the HR, all models were given a safety upgrade with the addition of front safety belts, windscreen washers, reversing lights, padded sun visors and a shatterproof interior rearview mirror.

HR Sedan

Specifications HR:

Produced in 8 variations of Holden Models: Holden Standard Sedan (HR 215). Holden Standard Station Sedan (HR 219). Holden Special Sedan (HR 225). Holden Special Station Sedan (HR 229.) Holden Premier Sedan (HR 235). Holden Premier Station Sedan (HR 239). Holden Utility  (HR 2106) Holden Panel Van (HR 2104).

Engine: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (181cu) 94kw,  3049cc (181cu) 108kw 186X2 and 186S

Transmission: 2 options 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” automatic transmission.

Wheelbase: 2692mm

Length: 4600mm Sedan, 4577 Wagon.

Width: 1778mm

Height: 1481mm Sedan, 1486 Wagon.

Curb weight: 1178kg

Number produced: 252,352

 

HK Series Was produced from 1968 to 1969. Introduced in Jan 1968. The HK models were larger and heavier than previous models and would over the year would include 13 different models compared to the 8 of the HR range. The Holden HK was sold as Belmont, Kingswood, Premier, Brougham and Monaro.

HK Holden Kingswood

The Brougham is introduced with the HK series with a greater level of luxury than the Premier, which had been the top of the range since it’s introduction in 1962. The Brougham had a length 200mm greater than the other HK sedans, this extra length was added to the body only, while the wheelbase remained unchanged at 2819mm. It was powered with the 5L V8 engine as standard. Monaro models were 2 door coupes, which were the first vehicles to be offered, the Monaro GTS 327 featured a 5.4L Chevrolet V8 engine which was not available in any other model, but was available in the larger GMH assembled Chevrolet Impala and Pontiac Parisienne.

Specifications HK:

Produced in 8 variations of Holden Models: Belmont sedan, Belmont Station Sedan, Kingswood sedan, Kingswood station sedan, Premier sedan, Premier station sedan, Belmont utility, Belmont panel van, Kingswood utility, Brougham, Monaro, Monaro GTS, Monaro GTS 327

Engine options: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (186cu) 94kw,  3049cc (186cu) 108kw 186S, 5025cc (307cu) V8 157kw, 5354cc (327cu) V8 186kw.

Transmission: 2 options 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” automatic transmission.

Wheelbase: 2819mm

Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham

Width: 1814mm

Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.

Curb weight: 1336kg

Number produced: 199,039

 

HT Series. With these models, Belmont, Kingswood and Premier. Introduced May 1969, The Brougham and Monaro models were  introduced in June 1969. Changes from the HK  included new grilles, taillights, flatter rear flanks and a wider back window. The HT also had increased track width, up-graded suspension, new instrument panel with synchromesh on all forward gears on the manual gearbox models.

HT Kingswood Sedan

The  2.6L 161ci and 3.0L 186cui6-cylinder engines were from the HK series. An Australian made 4.2L  253ci and 5.0L 308ci V8 engines were new, which replaced the imported  5.0L 307ci V8s. Initially the 308 was fitted to only the Brougham, and existing stocks of the imported 307 were used in other models. Once these supplies were exhausted, the 308 V8 was available as an option across the  entire HT range. The 5.3L 327ci Chev V8 that was used in the HK Monaro GTS 327 was replaced by a 5.8L 350ci Chev V8 in the newly introduced HT Monaro GTS 350 model. Three-speed manual, four-speed manual and two-speed “Powerglide” automatic transmissions were offered. A smaller, 2,130 cc 130ci version of Holden’s inline-six (Red Motor) was available for export markets. It produced 67KW at 4400 rpm and was meant for a higher octane fuel.

Specifications HT:

The HT Holden Models were offered in 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon styles with 3 trim levels: Belmont sedan, Belmont wagon, Kingswood sedan & wagon, Premier sedan & wagon.

The Brougham, which had an extended boot, was available in 1 model only, the Brougham sedan.

The Monaro was offered in three 2-door coupe models: Monaro coupe, Monaro GTS coupe, Monaro GTS 350 coupe.

Commercial vehicles were available in 2-door coupe utility and 2-door panel van body styles in 2 trim levels. Belmont utility, Belmont panel van, Kingswood utility.

Engine options: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (186cu) 94kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8, 5.0L (307cu) V8 157kw,   5.0L (308ci) V8 179kw, 5.7L (350cu) V8 220kw.

Transmission: 2 options 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” automatic transmission.

Wheelbase: 2819mm

Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham

Width: 1814mm

Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.

Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)

Number produced: 183,402

 

HG Series Introduced July 1970, Changes included new grilles and body decorations plus new safety features, colours and trim All V8 models were had improved disc brakes and the Monaro GTS suspension system was modified for greater comfort.

The  2.6L (161ci) and 3.0L (186ci) straight 6 engines and 4.2L 253ci, 5.0L 308ci, and 5.7L 350ci V8 engines were all carried over from the HT range. A new 3-speed “Tri-Matic” auto transmission was offered for the first time on all the Holden range. The “Tri-Matic” was standard on Premier and Brougham models, and offered as an option on all other models except the Monaro GTS 350.

HG Sedan

Specifications HG:

The HG Holden Models were offered in 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon styles with 3 trim levels: Belmont sedan, Belmont wagon, Kingswood sedan & wagon, Premier sedan & wagon.

The Brougham, which had an extended boot, was available in 1 model only, the Brougham sedan.

The Monaro was offered in three 2-door coupe models: Monaro coupe, Monaro GTS coupe, Monaro GTS 350 coupe.

Commercial vehicles were available in 2-door coupe utility and 2-door panel van body styles in 2 trim levels. Belmont utility, Belmont panel van, Kingswood utility.

Engine options: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (186cu) 94kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8, 5.0L (307cu) V8 157kw,   5.0L (308ci) V8 179kw, 5.7L (350cu) V8 220kw.

Transmission: 2 options Manual 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual,  2 options Auto 2-speed “Power-Glide” automatic transmission. 3 speed Tri-Matic transmission.

Wheelbase: 2819mm

Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham

Width: 1814mm

Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.

Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)

Number produced: 155,787  including 6,147 Monaros.

 

HQ Series Introduced 1971 to 1974. This was the first ground up redesign of the Holden since its original release in 1948, included an all-new body, chassis, and suspension. The HQ Series were assembled in Australia and New Zealand.

HQ Kingswood

Specifications HQ:

The HQ passenger car range consisted of 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon models in 3 trim levels, Holden Belmont sedan, Holden Kingswood sedan, Holden Premier sedan, Holden Belmont station wagon, Holden Kingswood station wagon, Holden Premier station wagon.

The LWB luxury model, “Statesman by GMH” consisted of one body style 4-door sedan and was available in two trim levels. Statesman, Statesman Deville.

The Holden SS sedan was released in August 72. It was sold as a separate model but was a Belmont V8 sedan fitted with the XV2 option package.

The Monaro range initially consisted only of two-door coupes.Holden Monaro, Holden Monaro GTS, Holden Monaro GTS 350, Holden Monaro LS.

Two 4-door sedan variations of the Monaro GTS were released on the market in March 1973 with a similarly to the SS the new sports sedans were a special vehicle package optioned on a lesser model, in this case on a V8 Kingswood sedan. Option XV4 was the HQ GTS sedan. Option XW8 was the HQ GTS350 sedan.

The commercial vehicle range included coupe utility, panel van & cab and chassis truck models models. Holden Belmont utility, Holden Kingswood utility, Holden Belmont panel van, Holden 1-Tonner.

The 1-Tonner, was new for the HQ range, was a cab & chassis truck. A Sandman option, which was offered on utility and panel van models from January 1974, included various “sports” items from the Monaro GTS.

Engine options: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (186cu) 94kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8,  5.0L (308ci) V8 179kw, 5.7L (350cu) V8 220kw.

HQ power-trains
EngineDisplacementCompressionPowerTorqueTransmission
hpkwft-lbn-m
2.83L Red16173 cu inLow11284160220
  • 3-speed manual
  • 4-speedmanual
  • 3-speed Tri-Matic auto
High11888168228
3.3L Red 16202 cu inLow12996190260
High135101194263
4.2L HoldenV8253 cu inLow174130247335
High185138262355
5.0L HoldenV8308 cu in240180315427
  • 4-speed manual
  • 3-speed Tri-Matic  auto
5.7L Chev V8350 cu in275205360490
  • 4-speed manual
  • 3-speed Turbo-Hydramatic auto

 

 

 

Transmission: 2 options Manual 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual,  2 option2 Auto. 3 speed Tri-Matic transmission. Turbohydramatic 400 5.0L 308) only.

Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon

Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon.

Width: 1814mm

Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.

Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)

Number produced: 485,650

 

HJ Series Produced from 1974 to 1976 and released on 4 October 1974 it was an improved and face-lifted version of the HQ had been in production since 1971.

The HJ models, apart from the 1-Tonner, were identified from the HQ by having a squared-off frontal treatment with wrap-around indicator lights. The rear of the sedan models featured a new bumper and wrap-around triangular taillights, while all other body styles kept the previous HQ’s rear styling. Sedan and wagon also had revised rear quarter panels.

HJ Kingswood Sedan

Specifications HJ:

The HJ  car range had 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon models with 3 trim levels, Belmont sedan, Kingswood sedan, Premier sedan, Belmont station wagon, Kingswood station wagon, Premier station wagon.

The HJ Premier differed from the cheaper models by a 4 headlight front grille. The Wagons had an increased wheelbase which was 76.2 mm longer than the sedans.

The base  Monaro wasn’t carried forward from the HQ series The new range saw the demise of the Monaro GTS350 Coupe and Sedan This meant that the imported Chev 5.7L  350ci V8 engine was no longer offered in any Holden model.

The commercial vehicle range included a coupe utility, panel van & cab and chassis truck models. Utility, Kingswood utility, Panel van, One Tonner (cab chassis)

There were 2 special vehicle packages available based upon various commercial vehicles:

  • Sandman (option code XX7 (and XU3 added late 1975)) – available on Holden Utility (until early 1976) and Panel van and on Kingswood utility. XU3 became the original XX7 late 1975 and from then on XX7 vehicles used passenger vehicle tyres.
  • Ambulance (option code BO6) – available on panel van and cab chassis.

The base model ute and panel van models did not carry the Belmont name which had been applied to their HQ series equivalents, they were sold just as the Holden ute and Holden panel van. The Sandman models were equipped with a number features from the Monaro GTS models

The cab/chassis model was marketed as the Holden One Tonner, which in base form still used its own unique front treatment introduced with the previous HQ range, and would continue with the model until 1980. If a cab chassis or van was optioned as a BO6 (ambulance) it was fitted with the HJ Premier front and door trims.

Engine options: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (186cu) 94kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8,  5.0L (308ci) V8 186kw,

Transmission: 2 options Manual 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual,  2 options Auto. 3 speed Tri-Matic transmission. Turbohydramatic 400  5.0L (308) only.

Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon

Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon.

Width: 1814mm

Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.

Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)

Number produced: 176,202

 

HX series  Released in July 1976. The HX had only minor updates to the exterior, visibly the grille and badges. Significant changes had to be made to the engines to meet new Australian emissions regulations. Over the run of the HX, front bucket seats were standard equipment for Kingswood-badged vehicles.

HX Kingswood

Only a 3.3L inline 6-cyl engine was available, and 2 V8 engines the 4.2-litre and 5.0-litre. All were modified for low-emission to comply with the new ADR27A regulations, which now had notably less power than their the prevoius model. The 2.8-litre inline six available in the HJ series was deleted, and the Monaro range was only offered with the V8 engines.

Specifications HX:

The HX range had 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon models with 3 trim levels, Belmont sedan, Kingswood sedan, Premier sedan, Belmont station wagon, Kingswood station wagon, Premier station wagon.

The HX Premier differed from the cheaper models by a 4 headlight front grille. The Wagons had an increased wheelbase which was 76.2 mm longer than the sedans.

Two special-build HX Kingswood modelss emerged later in the year. A Kingswood Silver Anniversary mode, released in November 1976 to celebrate 50 years of General Motors in Australia and a Kingswood Deluxe sedan and wagon was also introduced during the HX model life in September 1977 with a 4.2 litre V8 as standard.

For the HX series the performance oriented Monaro range was reduced to one model only, the Monaro GTS Sedan. The Monaro LS & GTS coupes were not carried in from the HJ series however a Holden Limited Edition coupe was released in September 1976. This utilised the Monaro coupe body but not the Monaro name.

The commercial vehicle range included newly called Ute, Panel Van and Cab Chassis truck models:

Ute, Kingswood Ute, Sandman Ute, Van, Kingswood Van, Sandman Van, One Tonner,

The base models were marketed as the Holden Ute and Holden Van, both retained the HJ style grille. The Kingswood Van was an addition to the commercial vehicle range and the One Tonner was a Cab & Chassis vehicle which featured its own unique front treatment, carried over from the HJ.

The Sandman Ute and Van were equipped with a number of features from the Monaro GTS and featured side stripes and a large ‘Sandman’ logo on the tailgate.

Manufactured: Dandenong, Victoria, Australia. Pagewood, New South Wales, Australia.
Trentham, New Zealand.

Engine options: 3049cc (186cu) 88kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8 120kw,  5.0L (308ci) V8 161kw,

Transmission: 2 options Manual 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual,  2 options Auto. 3 speed Tri-Matic transmission. Turbohydramatic 400  5.0L (308) only.

Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon

Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham

Width: 1814mm

Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.

Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)

Number produced: 110,669

 

HZ Series Introduced only minor updates to the exterior. GMH introduced “Radial Tuned Suspension” (RTS) across all models. RTS made significant changes to the suspension. The base specification Belmont was deleted and a new Kingswood SL became the base luxury level for sedans and wagons, with the lower specification Kingswood sedan and wagon only offered as option on the Kingswood SL. During the course of the HZ series, equipment levels were upgraded in 1978 to match improvements in the Ford Falcon range The life of the W size Holden looked set to end following Holden’s release of the VB Commodore in Nov 78. In 1980, W sized Holden passenger cars were discontinued and replaced by the downsized VB. The Kingswood luxury level lived on until 1984 as well as the WB Holden utility but the end of the HZ saw the end of the Holden Premier as well as the GTS and Sandman which were both deleted before the end of the HZ series.

HZ Kingswood SL

HZ Specifications:

The HZ was offered in 4 sedan & 3 wagon models. Kingswood Sedan, Kingswood Wagon, Kingswood SL Sedan, Kingswood SL Wagon, Premier Sedan,  Premier Wagon Holden GTS

It was also available in two Ute, two  Panel Van and one Cab & Chassis option. Holden Ute, Kingswood Ute, Holden Van, Kingswood Van, Holden One Tonner cab & chassis.

There were two special vehicle packages also available based upon commercial vehicles. Sandman Ute and Sandman Van – option code XX7 (passenger tyres) or XU3 (load rated tyres). Ambulance – option code BO6, available on cab & chassis and Holden panel van.

Manufactured: Acacia Ridge, Queensland, AUST. Elizabeth, South Australia, AUST. Dandenong, Victoria, AUST. Pagewood, New South Wales, AUST. Trentham, New Zealand.

Engine options: 3049cc (186cu) 88kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8 120kw,  5.0L (308ci) V8 161kw,

Transmission: 2 options Manual 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual,  2 options Auto. 3 speed Tri-Matic transmission. Turbohydramatic 400  5.0L (308) only.

Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon

Length: Kingswood SL Sedan and Monaro GTS Sedan: 4844mm Premier Sedan: 4877mm. Kingswood SL Station Wagon: 4897mm. Premier Station Wagon: 4912mm. Sandman Panel Van and Sandman Utility: 4938mm

Width: Kingswood SL and Premier Sedans and Station Wagons: 1892mm. Monaro GTS Sedan: 1877mm. Sandman Panel Van and Utility: 1877mm.

Height: Kingswood SL Sedan: 1399mm. Premier Sedan and Monaro GTS: 1397mm. Kingswood SL Station Wagons: 1415mm. Premier Station Wagon: 1410mm. Sandman Panel Van: 1608mm. Sandman Utility: 1399mm.

Curb weight: Kingswood SL Sedan: 1342kg. Premier Sedan: 1389kg. Monaro GTS Sedan: 1475kg. Kingswood SL Station Wagon: 1426kg. Premier Station Wagon: 1470kg. Sandman Panel Van: 1444kg. Sandman Utility: 1384kg.

Number produced: 154,155

 

WB series  Produced from 1980 to 1984. It was a facelift version of the HZ series, which it replaced. Unlike the HZ and every other full size Holden series before it, the Holden WB was only offered in commercial vehicle bodystyles with no sedan or wagon passenger car variants. The LWB WB series models were marketed under the separate Statesman brand with no Holden branding.

The Holden WB series consisted of two Ute models, a Panel Van and a Cab & Chassis The Kingswood panel van, Sandman utility and Sandman panel van models were not carried over from the HZ commercial range. The WB range now only consisted of: Holden (utility and van). Holden Kingswood (utility). Holden One Tonner (cab & chassis)

The Kingswood utility had a black grate style  grille with rectangular headlights, unlike the basic models which shared a divided grille with circular headlights. In August 1980, the base models were given an update which gave them the same frontal treatment as the Kingswood utility.

Plans to produce sedan and wagon versions of the Holden WB were at an advanced stage but were not pursued. These models would have supplemented the new VB Commodore models in the family car market.

Statesman WB range of long-wheelbase luxury sedans, developed by GM-Holden in conjunction with the Holden WB series, was released in May 1980. Like their Statesman HZ predecessors, the two models in the Statesman WB range, the de Ville and the Caprice, were marketed as “Statesman” rather than as a “Holden”

WB Ute

A 3.3L 6cyl engine was standard a 4.2-litre V8 was offered as an option. The 5.0L V8 option was not carried over from the HZ range, yet was available by special request.

The WB series was discontinued in late 84. Production of the Holden WB and  Statesman models. No replacement for the Holden WB was offered which brought to an end a continuous 34-year run of light commercial models based on the Holden passenger cars. This market was again  re-entred in 1990 when the VN Commodore based VG Ute.

Number produced: 60,231

VB Commodore Produced from 1978 to 1980. It was the first generation Commodore.

The car was launched on 26 October 78 Production of the VB only lasted seventeen months, the shortest run of any Commodore. The series continued until the introduction of the facelift VC on 30 March 1980. The VB became Australia’s number one selling car.

VB Commodore

The VB was  based on the 1977 Opel Rekord E body but with the front adapted from the Opel Senator to fit the larger Holden 6-cyl and V8 engines.

The Commodore was a major shift for Holden as it was significantly smaller than the previous full-size family car (Kingswood) closer in size to the mid-size Torana / Sunbird. It was inn response to the 73 Oil Crisis and the need to produce fuel-efficient cars. Holden, hedging their bets, initially built the Commodore alongside the other two established body styles, until the Torana was dropped in mid-1979, with only the Sunbird surviving into mid-1980 following release of the updated VC Commodore. The VB was available in three specification levels: Commodore, Commodore SL, and Commodore SL/E. A station wagon variant – not available in SL/E form – was released on 24 July 1979, It featured a large cargo area and an easy access one-piece lift-up tailgate.

The engines were largely carried over from the Kingswood: a 2.85-litre 64Kw six, 3.3-litre 71KW six, 4.2-litre 87KW V8, which was also available with dual exhausts to produce 96KW, and a 5.0-litre 114 KW V8, which in dual exhaust form was rated at 125kw. The engine blocks on these motors were painted red and are therefore commonly referred to as the Red motors. The VB was also available with either a 4-speed manual or a three-speed Trimatic, or the Turbo-Hydramatic 350/400 automatic transmission with the 5.0-litre V8.

Specifications:

Number Built: 95, 906

Engine Types:

These engines were the Holden Red engines (similar to kingswood engines)

  • Holden Red 2.85L (173cu) straight six
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder Max Power: 64kW@4000 RPM Max Torque: 198Nm
  • Holden Red 3.3L (202cu) straight six
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder Max Power: 66kW@3600 RPM Max Torque: 221Nm
  • Holden Red 4.2L (253cu) V8
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder Max Power: 87kW (with a single exhaust), 96kW (with a dual exhaust)
  • Holden Red 5.0L (308cu) V8
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder

Transmissions:

  • 4-speed manual
  • Tri-Matic 3-speed automatic
  • Turbo-Hydramatic 3-speed 350 and 400 for 5.0L V8

Steering:

Type: Rack and pinion, manual or power steering Turns lock to lock: 2.6 (power steering)

Brakes:

Front: Discs
Rear: Drums, or discs (discs on V8’s)

 

VC Commodore Produced from 30 March 1980 and is  distinguished by its “eggcrate” style grille. The VC had a number of improvements over the VB and maintained the it’s place as the best selling car in Australia.

VC Commodore

Improvements included updates to suspension to improve ride and handling, some cosmetic changes and new options such as Cruise Control.

The biggest changes were a series of engine upgrades including redesigned cylinder heads. A single intake and exhaust port for every cylinder, intake/exhaust manifolds improvements. New camshafts and pistons and an new carburetor named the Rochester Varajet, as well as new electronic ignition. These upgrades brought up to 25% more power and 15% better fuel economy. The  block on these engines were painted a blue (as opposed to the previous red) and were referred to as the Blue Motor.

A new 1.9L 4-cyl engine was introduced. Called the Starfire four, the new engine was the 2.85L blue 6 engine with 2 cylinders removed. Also used in the UC Sunbird, the engine was fitted to the Commodore in response to 79 energy crisis. The new engine was not a great success, it lacked power which meant the engine needed to be pushed harder to deliver the required performance, which meant any fuel saving were lost.

A new spec level was added: the L, The mid-range SL and SL/E flagship. Transmission choices remained the same as the VB .

Production: March 1980–October 1981
Assembly: Australia: Dandenong, Victoria; Elizabeth, South Australia. New Zealand: Trentham.
Indonesia (CKD)

Engines:

4 Cyl 1.9 L 58 kW Starfire

6 Cyl 2.85 L 76 kW Blue
6 Cyl 3.3 L 83 kW  Blue

V8 4.2 L 100 kW Blue
V8 4.2 L 115 kW Blue (dual exhaust)
V8 5.0 L 115 kW Blue
V8 5.0 L 126 kW Blue (dual exhaust)

Transmission: 4-speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,668 mm
Length 4,706–4,730 mm

Width 1,722–1,736 mm

Height 1,379–1,375 mm

Curb weight 1,158–1,348 kg

Number produced: 121,807.

 

VH Commodore Produced from 1981 to 1984. It was the third generation of the Commodore.

The VH Commodore was an evolution of the previous VC, released on 5 October 81. The front appearance was mildly different with new horizontal-slat grille, new lighting components designed to give a lower, wider look. This also improved aerodynamics.

VH Commodore SL

All engines were carried over from the VC, revisions were made to the 1.9L 4cyl and 2.85L 6cyl engines to improve fuel economy.

An additional 5 speed manual was an option only on the 1.9L 4cyl and the 2.85L 6cyl. A 4142 cc V8 engine was available from the beginning of the VC model launch. A more powerful 5.0L was added later in  the model run.

A reshuffle was made to the VH range  the SL was the base model, the SL/X was introduced as the mid-range car, with SL/E remaining the top end model but in sedan only. The SL/E was also available with optional cruise control and a  newly introduced trip computer. Wagons were only available in SL and SL/X model variations.

In September 1982 the Commodore SS was released. This model stayed in the range until 2017. The SS stands for “Sports Sedan”. Optioned with the Holden 4.2L V8 as standard on the factory SS. In addition there were three hi-spec versions produced by HDT Special Vehicles. These models were “SS Group 1”, “SS Group 2” and “SS Group 3”. The Group 3 used the highly tuned Holden 5.0L V8 which produced 184 kW (247 hp) at 4750 rpm.

Assembled in Australia at Dandenong, Victoria and Elizabeth, South Australia, also Trentham, New Zealand.

Engines:

4 Cyl 1.9 L 54 kW Starfire

6 Cyl 2.85 L 73 kW Blue
6 Cyl 3.3 L 83 kW  Blue

V8 4.2 L 100 kW Blue
V8 4.2 L 115 kW Blue
V8 5.0 L 115 kW Blue
V8 5.0 L 126 kW Blue

Transmission: 4-speed manual,  5 speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,668 mm
Length 4,706 sedan, 4,730 mm wagon.

Width 1,722mm.

Height 1,363 mm.

Curb weight 1,152–1,326 kg.

Number produced: XXXXXXX.

 

VK Commodore was introduced February 1984 and stopped February 1986. It was the first to have plastic bumpers and this model rear quarter windows for a six-window design were introduced. This made it similar in appearance to the Opel Senator. Other changes for the VK were a front grille redesign and revamped dashboard instrumentation that included full digital for the new luxury model, the Calais.

The VK exterior was updated with more modern and aggressive appearance. Including a new grille design which very different from previous models. 3 bold strips rather than a metallic grille, the now plastic front and rear bumpers/skirts replacing the obsolete metal guards, a new rear tail light assembly, whereby they now spread from one side to another with a black panel in between.

VK Commodore Berlina

The VK model range added new names for the spec levels. The Executive now a stand-alone model beside the base model SL. The Executive was basically a Commodore SL with auto transmission and power steering. It was aimed at the fleet market, a market that it lost when the smaller bodied Commodore originally replaced the Kingswood. The Berlina replaced the SL/X with Calais replacing the SL/E. The wagon body style was available in SL, Executive or Berlina variations only The limited edition Vacationer was also continued over for a period from the VH. Other models produced were the Commodore SS sedan which had its own specification, courtesy of HDT.

Assembled in Australia at Dandenong, Victoria and Elizabeth, South Australia, also Trentham, New Zealand. Indonesia (CKD)

Engines:

4 Cyl 1.9 L 54 kW Starfire NZ only

6 Cyl 3.3 L 86 kW Black
6 Cyl 3.3 L 106 kW  EFI Black

V8 5.0 L 126 kW Holden engine
V8 4.9 L 196 kW Holden engine

Transmission: 4-speed manual,  5 speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,668 mm
Length 4,716mm sedan, 4,730 mm wagon.

Width 1,722mm.

Height 1,360 mm.

Curb weight 1,220–1,366 kg.

Number produced: 135,705.

 

VL Commodore. Introduced Feb 1986 until Aug 1988 and was a substantial makeover of the VK Commodore.

The the lines were softened from the VK, rounding off the panels, introducing a small tail spoiler built into the bootlid. Holden also used rectangular headlamps. For Calais they incorporated the use of semi-retracting headlight covers, the first for Holden.

Major changes were made with new instruments, touch switches mounted either side controlling wipers, rear window demister, electric aerial on the Berlina & Calais) and other changes.

VL Berlina Wagon

The VK engine was dropped in nd an imported 3.0L RB30E 6cyl supplied by Nissan Japan. This Nissan-Holden combination was brought about because all cars manufactured in Australia from 1 Jan 86 had to run on unleaded 91 fuel. The old VK six-cylinder Black engine and the V8 was unable to do this. The new engines had features such as an Electronic Combustion Control System (ECCS) and a ram-tuned intake manifold.

Interior
Holden VL Calais Turbo
Holden VL Calais Turbo

6 months after the introduction a 150KW turo version of the Nissan engine was introduced. Breaking power for the turbo models was upgraded. Holden also used an electronic four-speed auto. The manual used the 5-speed Nissan gearbox.

The NZ assembled 6cyl VLs had a 2.0-litre Nissan RB20 6cyl available as an option in addition to the 3.0L models. The engine was matched to the Jatco 4-speed auto. the 5.0L V8 remained available with carburetor and the old 3-speed auto. NZ models did not have to have the same Aussie emission controls. The 2.0L engine was also used in exports to South East Asian countries such as Singapore and Thailand but these were imported fully assembled from Australia. The VL Commodore was the last Holden to be assembled in Indonesia. This model was also sold in Indonesia, as the Holden Calais 2000.

Models

Models were: Commodore SL, Executive and Berlina variantions, the VL included a luxury Calais model. Known as the Holden Calais not using the Commodore name. A limited run of Calais wagons were produced 198. The model ran from March 88 to production end in August 88. The Calais wagon was released late in the VL’s model run only to reduce their excessive stock pile of wagon bodies. These wagon version of the Calais offered the same engine options available to sedan buyers.

V8 models were introduced in Oct 86. The next year, a special edition Commodore Vacationer was introduced. To commemorate the 1988 Australia’s 200 years and named the “Series 200” sedan on sale  from March 88. The Series 200 was supplied with 2-tone Champagne paintwork with air con, pwr steer elec windows, central locking, among other features over the base-line Commodore SL.

Luxury models the GTS and Commodore Royale were also available but only in NZ.

Assembled in Australia at Dandenong, Victoria and Elizabeth, South Australia, also Trentham, New Zealand. Indonesia (CKD)

Engines:

6 Cyl 2L  RB20E 16 Nissan NZ, Asia only
6 Cyl 3L RB30E 16 Nissan

6 Cyl  3L RB30ET 16 Nissan Tubo 150KW

V8 5.0 L 122 kW Holden engine

Transmission: 4-speed manual,  5 speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2668 mm
Length 4766mm sedan, 4730 mm wagon.

Width 1722mm.

Height 1363mm. 1366mm

Curb weight: Commodore SL: 1250kg, Commodore Executive: 1280kg, Commodore Berlina: 1290kg, Holden Calais: 1350kg,

Number produced: 151,801.

 

VN Commodore From 17 August 1988. It was a re-engineered of the Opel Omega and Senator. A Buick 3.8L V6 or the Holden V8 was used and the project  was believed to have cost Aust$200 million.

The previous VL floor plan was widened and stretched to fit the larger Omega body. The VN could now match the rival Falcon for size. The VN  was available in Executive, S, SS, Berlina and Calais spec levels Holden offered a Ute with the first-Commodore based VG on sale from August 90. The  Statesman & Caprice were introduced in March 90. They were VN Commodore based, but used the longer wheelbase same as the VN Commodore wagon and VG Ute.

Changes in the of the Australian dollar made it to expensive to continue with the Nissan engine used in the VL. Holden instead chose to manufacture their own 90-degree V6 based on an old Buick design. Initially it was imported from the US. The 5.0L V8 remained optional and power was boosted to 165 kW. Both these engines used the multi point GM EFI and the V6 using 3 coil-packs for ignition. Not known for its smoothness & quietness, the V6 was praised for its performance at the time. A fuel-injected, 2.0-litre 4cyl VN Commodore model was offered for some export markets including New Zealand and Singapore, and were sold as the Holden Berlina sharing an engine with the Opel Vectra.

The centre high-mount stop light (CHMSL) was introduced before to 1 July 89 as Australian regulations  required them to be fitted to all passenger cars manufactured from this date.

September 89 saw the introduction on the Series II of the VN and was released with the EV6 engine. Some of the changes included a new cast exhaust manifold & new camshaft sprocket profile and timing chain, improved air and fuel distribution to combustion chamber, re-calibrated ignition and injector firing within the engine management computer, wider conrod bearings and revised throttle uptake. The automatic transmission was also re-calibrated to match the new engines torque characteristics. The revisions helped reduce initial torque levels whilst also improving the noise and vibration levels of the V6.

 

 

 

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