Holden Models identification guide

This is a compilation of Holden Models made by General Motors Holden from 1948 until production stopped in 2017. In this guide we will only cover Holden Models from 1948 series to HR series 1968. Holden Models 1968 to 1978 Kingswood, Belmont, Premier and Statesmen. 1978 to 2017 Commodore models. Other Holden Models such as Torana, Sunbird, Astra, Colorado etc will be covered separately.

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48 Series. The first Australian car production in started in 1948

The Holden 48-215 was produced by General Motors Holden Australia from Nov 1948 to Oct 1953. A derivative called the 50-2106. Sold as the Holden Coupe Utility . This was produced from Jan 1951.

The 48-215 was the first car from GM Australia to use the name Holden. The official name of “Holden 48-215” was dropped in favour of the shortened “Holden” name.

The design was originally created in the US by Chevrolet. It wasn’t used because it was perceived too small for the U.S. market. The design became the basis of the 48-215 model. Its American origins are obvious, as it resembles Chevs of the time, the Fleetline Aerosedan and also the Deluxe.

48 Series

Specifications 48 Series:
Produced in 2 variations Holden Models: 4 door sedan 48-215, 2 door coupe utility 50-2106
Front engine rear wheel drive
Engine: 2171cc 45kw
Transmission: 3 speed manual
Wheelbase: 2620mm
Length: 4370mm
Width: 1699mm Height: 1570mm
Curb Weight: 1010kg

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FJ Holden  introduced 1953 until 1956. Exports to New Zealand started in 1954. Little changed from the 1948 series. The FJ featured a bolder horizontal styled grille, with comfort and decoration upgrades in a new sedan model the ‘Holden Special’. In 1955 the FJ had a mild interior facelift for the Holden Special sedan, along with variation’s in paint and trim options.

Specifications FJ :
Produced in 3 variations Holden Models: 4-door sedan, 2-door coupe utility, 2-door panel van. Front engine rear wheel drive
Engine: 2170cc 48kw standard on all Holden Models
Transmission: 3 speed manual
Wheelbase: 2620mm
Length: 4401mm
Width: 1702mm
Height: 1581mm Curb weight: 1021kg
Number produced: 169,969

FJ Sedan

FJ Holden Coupe Utility

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FE, launched in 1956. Introduced a new Station Wagon body style called the “Station Sedan”. It was the first Holden models to be assembled in NZ, by GM New Zealand the first car built on 31st Jan 57.

FE Sedan

The FE was built on a longer wheelbase than the FJ. They were a completely new style. FJ models used the shape carried over from the original 48 series. With a single piece windscreen, other modifications included a 12 volt system, steering was upgraded, a front stabiliser bar and wider wheel rims. The model range used a 2262 cc in-line six cylinder engine, with a 3-speed manual transmission. Engine improvements included the use of bigger valves and the lifting of the compression ratio to 6.8:1, which increased the power output from 45 kW to 53 kW

Specifications FE:
Produced in 7 variations of Holden Models: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Business Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.
Engine: 2170cc 53kw
Transmission: 3 speed manual
Wheelbase: 2667mm
Length: 4470mm
Width: 1702mm
Height: 1549mm
Curb weight: 1080kg
Number produced: 155,161

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FC Holden From May 1958 until 1960 which was a revised FE model The FC the styling is similar to a scaled-down 1955 Chevrolet.

FC Sedan

The FC series was much the same as the FE, changes to the radiator grille, body trim and interior. Minor mechanical improvements were made, changes to the engine, suspension, brakes, gear-change linkages and the steering box. The Utility now had painted rather than chromed grille and headlight rims, same as the Panel Van.

All models were powered by a 2.2 Litre 6 cylinder motor producing 54 kW. All models used a 3 speed manual transmission. This motor was carried over from the FE series, the camshaft was altered and compression ratio and torque was improved.

Specifications FC: Produced in 7 variations: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.
Engine: 2170cc 53kw
Transmission: 3 speed manual
Wheelbase: 2667mm
Length: 4470mm
Width: 1702mm
Height: 1549mm
Curb weight: 1080kg
Number produced: 191,724 ______________________________________________________________

FB Holden introduced 1960, its third major model, the FB. Styling was inspired by mid 1950s Chev’s, a wrap-around windscreen with “dog leg” A Pillars. When it was introduced, some considered the style out-dated. The motoring industry noted that the adopted style did not translate well to the compact Holden. The FB was the first Holden that was made in LHD for left-hand drive markets.

FB Holden

The FB Holden marketed as longer, lower, more spacious powerful than the FC model, but it was only slightly so on each count. length was 140mm longer, wheelbase was unchanged. Engine capacity remained the same at 2.2L the compression ratio was increased. An extra 3kw didn’t compensate for increased weight of the FB, performance was worse. Changes were made to brakes, front coil springs, air cleaner & clutch. Other styling differences were: the lower bonnet, finned rear mudguards with new taillights (on the sedans and wagons only). Seating was improved, as well the instrument panel.

Specifications FB: Produced in 6 variations of Holden Models: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.
Engine: 2170cc 56kw.
Transmission: 3 speed manual.
Wheelbase: 2667mm
Length: 4610mm
Width: 1703mm
Height: 1521mm
Curb weight: 1122kg
Number produced:147,747 ________________________________________________________________

EK  introduced 1961. Featured 2 tone paint, optional Hydra-matic automatic transmission.

EK Holden

The EK was introduced with four-door sedans with 2 two trim levels, five-door station wagons with 2 trim levels, a two-door coupe utility with a two-door panel van.

This model, was really a minor facelift of the previous FB, with the most obvious changes limited to a new grille of eight vertical bars instead of 6, and body side mouldings.  The finish: “Standard” vehicles were painted in a single colour with no additional trimming or fittings, while “Special”, the most popular model, came with stainless steel trims along the side and a white roof, as well as chrome Special badges, and two-tone vinyl interiors. Park lights were incorporated into the top grille bar, and other changes included new exterior badges, a revised interior trim, electric wipers, replacing the old vacuum-type. A new fresh-air unit with a new ventilation air intake located forward of the front screen.

The only significant mechanical change from the old  FB was the introduction of the first automatic transmission to be offered. Marketed as the Hydramatic, it was a well-regarded 3-speed unit and was fully imported from the US. It was only offered as an option on the Holden Special models. Other options included accessories, such as a bonnet lock, a locking tank cap, a car heater, external rear-view mirrors, or a sunshade.

Visually, the two commercial vehicles, the Utility and Panel Van, remained almost identical to the previous model, the FB. The FB rear quarter panels and tail lights were carried over to the EK commercials. However, the carrying capacity was increased from 410 to 510 kg by fitting upgraded springs.

Specifications EK: 6 Models: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.
Engine: 2260cc 56kw
Transmission: 2 options 2 speed manual, 3 speed automatic.
Wheelbase: 2667mm
Length: 4617mm
Width: 1703mm
Height: 1521mm
Curb weight: 1121kg
Number produced: 150,214

The EK was sold in several markets in both left- and right-hand-drive. Markets included New Zealand, South-East Asia, and the Pacific Islands. The EK was also sold in South Africa.

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EJ:  It was a radical departure from the EK, lower roofline, flatter boot and no fins. Improvements to brakes, front suspension and Hydra-matic automatic transmission.

The luxury model, the Premier, was introduced, with leather interior, bucket seats, metallic paint, a heater/demister with a centre console, and arm rests on all four doors. It had the Hydramatic 3-speed automatic transmission as standard, which was only optional on the other EJ models.

EJ Holden

Specifications EJ: 7: Holden Standard Sedan, Holden Premier Sedan, Holden Standard Station Sedan, Holden Special Sedan, Holden Special Station Sedan, Holden Utility, Holden Panel Van.
Engine: 2262cc 56kw
Transmission: 3 speed manual or 3-speed “Hydra-Matic” automatic transmission.
Wheelbase: 2667mm
Length: 4493mm
Width: 1727mm
Height: 1473mm
Curb weight: 1130kg
Number produced: 154,811

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EH: Aug 1963 to Feb 1965. The first Holden to incorporate the new “Red” engine. The EH  had 7 main bearing crankshaft instead of the 4 main bearing crankshaft used in the “Grey” engine. A larger capacity 2400cc engine was only sold matched to a 3-speed manual gear box or the “Hydramatic” automatic transmission with a (column shift). The first EH with a 2950cc engine and a manual gearbox was called the “EH-S4”, fitted with an up-graded manual gearbox and stronger gears than the 2400cc gearbox and up-graded clutch. The three-speed manual (column shift) gear boxes had no synchromesh on first and only synchromesh on 2nd and 3rd.

EH Holden

Specifications EH: 9 Models: Standard Sedan, Standard Station Sedan, Special Sedan, Special Station Sedan S4 Special Sedan, Premier Sedan, Premier Station Sedan, Utility, Panel Van.
Engine: 2450cc (149)cu 75kw & 2950cc (179cu) 86kw
Transmission: 2 options 2 speed manual, 3-speed “Hydra-Matic” automatic transmission.
Wheelbase: 2692mm
Length: 4511mm
Width: 1727mm
Height: 1478mm
Curb weight: 1118kg
Number produced: 256,959 _______________________________________________________________

HD Series. This model had a completely new body, it was wider and longer than the EH and had significant increases in passenger & load space with increased equipment levels. Body styling had strong similarities to the FC Victor  (Vauxhall UK) in the previous year, including the concave rear window. Disc brakes were an optional extra and offered for the first time. The Hydramatic 3 speed as used in the EH was replaced by a Powerglide 2 speed transmission. The HD was the first Holden to be offered with a factory performance engine option, the “X2”. The HD is very often confused with the later HR model. The HR can be identified by the front indicators being mounted under the bumper the HR had round indicators mounted in the grill, the wrap around tail lights at the back. The HR had narrow lights that extended up the end of the rear fins but not around the edge.

HD Special Sedan

Specifications HD: 8 variations of Holden Models: Standard Sedan, Standard Station Sedan, Special Sedan, Special Station Sedan, Premier Sedan, Premier Station Sedan, Utility, Panel Van.
Engine: 2450cc (149)cu 75kw & 2950cc (179cu) 86kw X2 2950cc (179cu) 104kw.
Transmission: 2 options 3 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” automatic transmission.
Wheelbase: 2692mm
Length: 4562mm Sedan, 4567 Wagon.
Width: 1778mm
Height: 1501mm Sedan, 1506 Wagon.
Curb weight: 1177kg
Number produced: 178,927 ______________________________________________________________

HR  April 1966 until 1968. A revised grille, the HR reworked  the HD roofline and increased the size of the rear window on the sedans only, revised rear lights on sedans and wagons. There were changes to almost all exterior body panels. Other changes included revised ball joint front suspension a wider track, improved interior trim with woodgrain interior finish for the Premier models. Six months after the launch of the HR, all models were given a safety upgrade with the addition of front safety belts, windscreen washers, reversing lights, padded sun visors and a shatterproof interior rear-view mirror.

HR Sedan

Specifications HR: 8 Models: Holden Standard Sedan (HR 215). Holden Standard Station Sedan (HR 219). Holden Special Sedan (HR 225). Holden Special Station Sedan (HR 229.) Holden Premier Sedan (HR 235). Holden Premier Station Sedan (HR 239). Holden Utility (HR 2106) Holden Panel Van (HR 2104).
Engine: 2639cc(161ci) 85kw, 3049cc(181cu) 94kw, 3049cc(181cu) 108kw 186X2 and 186S
Transmission: 2 options 3 or 4 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” auto.
Wheelbase: 2692mm
Length: 4600mm Sedan, 4577 Wagon.
Width: 1778mm
Height: 1481mm Sedan, 1486 Wagon.
Curb weight: 1178kg
Number produced: 252,352

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HK  Jan 1968 to 1969. The HK models were larger and heavier than previous models and would over the year would include 13 different models compared to the 8 of the HR range. The Holden HK was sold as Belmont, Kingswood, Premier, Brougham and Monaro.

HK Holden Kingswood

The Brougham is introduced with the HK series with a greater level of luxury than the Premier, which had been the top of the range since it’s introduction in 1962. The Brougham had a length 200mm greater than the other HK sedans, this extra length was added to the body only, while the wheelbase remained unchanged at 2819mm. It was powered with the 5L V8 engine as standard. Monaro models were 2 door coupes, which were the first to be offered, the Monaro GTS 327 featured a 5.4L Chevrolet V8 engine which was not available in any other model, but was available in the larger GMH assembled Chevrolet Impala and Pontiac Parisienne.

Specifications HK: Produced in 13 variations : Belmont sedan, Belmont Station Sedan, Kingswood sedan, Kingswood station sedan, Premier sedan, Premier station sedan, Belmont utility, Belmont panel van, Kingswood utility, Brougham, Monaro, Monaro GTS, Monaro GTS 327
Engine options: 2639cc(161)cu 85kw, 3049cc(186cu) 94kw, 3049cc(186cu) 108kw 186S, 5025cc (307cu) V8 157kw, 5354cc (327cu) V8 186kw.
Transmission: 2 options 3 speed or 4 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” auto.
Wheelbase: 2819mm
Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham
Width: 1814mm
Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.
Curb weight: 1336kg
Number produced: 199,039

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HT: With these models, Belmont, Kingswood and Premier. Introduced May 1969, The Brougham and Monaro models were introduced in June 69. Changes from the HK  included new grilles, taillights, flatter rear flanks and a wider back window. The HT also had increased track width, up-graded suspension, new instrument panel with synchromesh on all forward gears on the manual gearbox models.

HT Kingswood Sedan

The  2.6L 161ci and 3.0L 186cui6-cylinder engines were from the HK series. An Australian made 4.2L  253ci and 5.0L 308ci V8 engines were new, which replaced the imported  5.0L 307ci V8s. Initially the 308 was fitted to only the Brougham, and existing stocks of the imported 307 were used in other models. Once these supplies were exhausted, the 308 V8 was available as an option across the  entire HT range. The 5.3L 327ci Chev V8 that was used in the HK Monaro GTS 327 was replaced by a 5.8L 350ci Chev V8 in the newly introduced HT Monaro GTS 350 model. Three-speed manual, four-speed manual and two-speed “Powerglide” automatic transmissions were offered. A smaller, 2,130 cc 130ci version of Holden’s inline-six (Red Motor) was available for export markets. It produced 67KW at 4400 rpm and was meant for a higher octane fuel.

Specifications HT: The HT Holden Models were offered in 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon styles with 3 trim levels: Belmont sedan, Belmont wagon, Kingswood sedan & wagon, Premier sedan & wagon. The Brougham, which had an extended boot, was available in 1 model only, the Brougham sedan. The Monaro was offered in three 2-door coupe models: Monaro coupe, Monaro GTS coupe, Monaro GTS 350 coupe. Commercial vehicles were available in 2-door coupe utility and 2-door panel van body styles in 2 trim levels. Belmont utility, Belmont panel van, Kingswood utility.
Engine options: 2639cc(161)cu 85kw, 3049cc(186cu) 94kw, 4.2L(253ci) V8, 5.0L(307cu) V8 157kw, 5.0L(308ci) V8 179kw, 5.7L(350cu) V8 220kw.
Transmission: 2 options 3 or 4 speed manual, 2-speed “Power-Glide” auto.
Wheelbase: 2819mm
Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham
Width: 1814mm
Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.
Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)
Number produced: 183,402 ______________________________________________________________

HG July 1970, Changes: new grilles and body decorations, new safety features, colours and trim All V8 models had improved disc brakes. The Monaro GTS suspension system was modified for comfort.

The  2.6L (161ci) and 3.0L (186ci) straight 6 engines and 4.2L 253ci, 5.0L 308ci, and 5.7L 350ci V8 engines were all carried over from the HT range. A new 3-speed “Tri-Matic” auto transmission was offered for the first time on all the range. The “Tri-Matic” was standard on Premier and Brougham models, and offered as an option on all other models except the Monaro GTS 350.

HG Sedan

Specifications HG: 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon styles with 3 trim levels: Belmont sedan, Belmont wagon, Kingswood sedan & wagon, Premier sedan & wagon. The Brougham, which had an extended boot, was available in 1 model only, the Brougham sedan. The Monaro was offered in three 2-door coupe models: Monaro coupe, Monaro GTS coupe, Monaro GTS 350 coupe. Commercial vehicles were available in 2-door coupe utility and 2-door panel van body styles in 2 trim levels. Belmont utility, Belmont panel van, Kingswood utility.
Engine options: 2639cc(161)cu 85kw, 3049cc(186cu) 94kw, 4.2L(253ci) V8, 5.0L(307cu) V8 157kw, 5.0L(308ci) V8 179kw, 5.7L(350cu) V8 220kw.
Transmission: 3 or 4spd manual,  Auto 2-speed “Power-Glide”. 3spd Tri-Matic Auto
Wheelbase: 2819mm
Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham
Width: 1814mm
Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.
Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)
Number produced: 155,787  including 6,147 Monaros.

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HQ 1971 to 1974. The first ground up redesign of the Holden models since its original release in 1948, included an all-new body, chassis, and suspension. The HQ was assembled in Australia and New Zealand.

HQ Kingswood

Specifications HQ: The HQ passenger car range consisted of 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon models in 3 trim levels, Holden Belmont sedan, Holden Kingswood sedan, Holden Premier sedan, Holden Belmont station wagon, Holden Kingswood station wagon, Holden Premier station wagon. The LWB luxury model, “Statesman by GMH” consisted of one body style 4-door sedan and was available in two trim levels. Statesman, Statesman Deville. The Holden SS sedan was released in August 72. It was sold as a separate model but was a Belmont V8 sedan fitted with the XV2 package. The Monaro range initially consisted only of two-door coupes. Holden Monaro, Holden Monaro GTS, Holden Monaro GTS 350, Holden Monaro LS.

Two 4-door sedan variations of the Monaro GTS were released on the market in March 1973 with a similarly to the SS the new sports sedans were a special vehicle package optioned on a lesser model, in this case on a V8 Kingswood sedan. Option XV4 was the HQ GTS sedan. Option XW8 was the HQ GTS350 sedan. The commercial vehicle range included coupe utility, panel van & cab and chassis truck models models. Holden Belmont utility, Holden Kingswood utility, Holden Belmont panel van, Holden 1-Tonner. The 1-Tonner, was new for the HQ range, was a cab & chassis truck. A Sandman option, which was offered on utility and panel van models from January 1974, included various “sports” items from the Monaro GTS.

Engine options: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (186cu) 94kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8,  5.0L (308ci) V8 179kw, 5.7L (350cu) V8 220kw.

HQ power-trains
EngineDisplacementCompressionPowerTorqueTransmission
hpkwft-lbn-m
2.83L Red16173 cu inLow11284160220
  • 3-speed manual
  • 4-speedmanual
  • 3-speed Tri-Matic auto
High11888168228
3.3L Red 16202 cu inLow12996190260
High135101194263
4.2L HoldenV8253 cu inLow174130247335
High185138262355
5.0L HoldenV8308 cu in240180315427
  • 4-speed manual
  • 3-speed Tri-Matic  auto
5.7L Chev V8350 cu in275205360490
  • 4-speed manual
  • 3-speed Turbo-Hydramatic auto

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transmission: 3 or 4spd manual,  Auto. 3spd Tri-Matic or Turbohydramatic 400.
Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon
Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon.
Width: 1814mm
Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.
Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)
Number produced: 485,650

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HJ  Oct 1974 to 1976. It was an improved and face-lifted version of the HQ.

The HJ models, apart from the 1-Tonner, were identified from the HQ by having a squared-off frontal treatment with wrap-around indicator lights. The rear of the sedan models featured a new bumper and wrap-around triangular taillights, all other body styles kept the previous HQ’s rear styling. Sedan and wagon also had revised rear quarter panels.

HJ Kingswood Sedan

Specifications HJ: The HJ range had 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon models with 3 trim levels, Belmont sedan, Kingswood sedan, Premier sedan, Belmont station wagon, Kingswood station wagon, Premier station wagon. The HJ Premier differed from the cheaper models by a 4 headlight front grille. The Wagons had an increased wheelbase which was 76.2mm longer than the sedans. The base Monaro wasn’t carried forward from the HQ series The new range saw the demise of the Monaro GTS350 Coupe and Sedan This meant that the imported Chev 5.7L V8 engine was no longer offered in any Holden model. The commercial vehicle range included a coupe utility, panel van & cab and chassis truck models. Utility, Kingswood utility, Panel van, One Tonner (cab chassis) 2 special vehicle packages available based upon commercial vehicles:

  • Sandman (option codeXX7 (and XU3 added late 1975)) – available on Holden Utility (until early 1976) and Panel van and on Kingswood utility. XU3 became the original XX7 late 1975 and from then on XX7 vehicles used passenger vehicle tyres.
  • Ambulance (option code BO6) – available on panel van and cab chassis.

The base model ute and panel van models did not carry the Belmont name which had been applied to their HQ series equivalents, they were sold just as the Holden ute and Holden panel van. The Sandman models were equipped with a number features from the Monaro GTS models The cab/chassis model was marketed as the Holden One Tonner, which in base form still used its own unique front treatment introduced with the previous HQ range, and would continue with the model until 1980. If a cab chassis or van was optioned as a BO6 (ambulance) it was fitted with the HJ Premier front and door trims. Engine options: 2639cc (161)cu 85kw, 3049cc (186cu) 94kw,  4.2L (253ci) V8,  5.0L (308ci) V8 186kw,
Transmission: 2 options Manual 3 speed manual, 4 speed manual,  2 options Auto. 3 speed Tri-Matic transmission. Turbohydramatic 400  5.0L (308) only.
Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon
Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon.
Width: 1814mm
Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.
Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)
Number produced: 176,202

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HX  July 1976. The HX had only minor updates to the exterior, visibly the grille and badges. Significant changes had to be made to the engines to meet new Australian emissions regulations. Over the run of the HX, front bucket seats were standard equipment for Kingswood-badged vehicles.

HX Kingswood

Only a 3.3L inline 6-cyl engine was available, and 2 V8 engines the 4.2l and 5.0l. All were modified for low-emission to comply with the new ADR27A regulations, which now had notably less power than their the previous model. The 2.8l inline six available in the HJ series was deleted, and the Monaro range was only offered with the V8 engines.

Specifications HX: The range had 4-door sedan and 5-door station wagon models with 3 trim levels, Belmont sedan, Kingswood sedan, Premier sedan, Belmont station wagon, Kingswood station wagon, Premier station wagon. The HX Premier differed from the cheaper models by a 4 headlight front grille. The Wagons had an increased wheelbase which was 76.2 mm longer than the sedans. Two special-build HX Kingswood models emerged later in the year. A Kingswood Silver Anniversary mode, released in November 1976 to celebrate 50 years of General Motors in Australia and a Kingswood Deluxe sedan and wagon was also introduced during the HX model life in September 1977 with a 4.2l V8 as standard. For the HX series the performance oriented Monaro range was reduced to one model only, the Monaro GTS Sedan. The Monaro LS & GTS coupes were not carried in from the HJ series however a Holden Limited Edition coupe was released in Sept 76. This utilised the Monaro coupe body but not the Monaro name. The commercial vehicle range included newly called Ute, Panel Van and Cab Chassis truck models: Ute, Kingswood Ute, Sandman Ute, Van, Kingswood Van, Sandman Van, One Tonner, The base models were marketed as the Holden Ute and Holden Van, both retained the HJ style grille. The Kingswood Van was an addition to the commercial vehicle range and the One Tonner was a Cab & Chassis vehicle which featured its own unique front treatment, carried over from the HJ. The Sandman Ute and Van were equipped with a number of features from the Monaro GTS and featured side stripes and a large ‘Sandman’ logo on the tailgate.

Manufactured: Dandenong, Victoria, Australia. Pagewood, NSW, Australia. Trentham, NZ.
Engine options: 3049cc(186cu) 88kw, 4.2L(253ci) V8 120kw, 5.0L(308ci) V8 161kw,
Transmission: 3 or 4spd manual,  2 options Auto. 3spd Tri-Matic. Turbohydramatic.
Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon
Length: 4694mm Sedan & Wagon. 4,880mm Brougham
Width: 1814mm
Height: 1412mm Sedan & Wagon.
Curb weight: 1276kg (Belmont)
Number produced: 110,669

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HZ Series Introduced only minor updates to the exterior. GMH introduced “Radial Tuned Suspension” (RTS) across all models. RTS made significant changes to the suspension. The base specification Belmont was deleted and a new Kingswood SL became the base luxury level for sedans and wagons, with the lower specification Kingswood sedan and wagon only offered as option on the Kingswood SL. During the course of the HZ series, equipment levels were upgraded in 1978 to match improvements in the Ford Falcon range The life of the W size Holden looked set to end following Holden’s release of the VB Commodore in Nov 78. In 1980, W sized Holden passenger cars were discontinued and replaced by the downsized VB. The Kingswood luxury level lived on until 1984 as well as the WB Holden utility but the end of the HZ saw the end of the Holden Premier as well as the GTS and Sandman which were both deleted before the end of the HZ series.

HZ Kingswood SL

HZ Specifications: The HZ was offered in 4 sedan & 3 wagon models. Kingswood Sedan, Kingswood Wagon, Kingswood SL Sedan, Kingswood SL Wagon, Premier Sedan,  Premier Wagon Holden GTS It was also available in two Ute, two  Panel Van and one Cab & Chassis option. Holden Ute, Kingswood Ute, Holden Van, Kingswood Van, Holden One Tonner cab & chassis. There were two special vehicle packages also available based upon commercial vehicles. Sandman Ute and Sandman Van – option code XX7 (passenger tyres) or XU3 (load rated tyres). Ambulance – option code BO6, available on cab & chassis and Holden panel van.

Manufactured: Acacia Ridge, Queensland, AUST. Elizabeth, South Australia, AUST. Dandenong, Victoria, AUST. Pagewood, New South Wales, AUST. Trentham, NZ.

Engine options: 3049cc(186ci) 88kw, 4.2L(253ci) V8 120kw, 5.0L(308ci) V8 161kw,
Transmission: 2 options 3 or 4spd manual, Auto. 3spd Tri-Matic. 0r Turbohydramatic400.
Wheelbase: 2819mm Sedan, 2896mm Wagon
Length: Kingswood SL Sedan and Monaro GTS Sedan: 4844mm Premier Sedan: 4877mm. Kingswood SL Station Wagon: 4897mm. Premier Station Wagon: 4912mm. Sandman Panel Van and Sandman Utility: 4938mm
Width: Kingswood SL and Premier Sedans and Station Wagons: 1892mm. Monaro GTS Sedan: 1877mm. Sandman Panel Van and Utility: 1877mm.
Height: Kingswood SL Sedan: 1399mm. Premier Sedan and Monaro GTS: 1397mm. Kingswood SL Station Wagons: 1415mm. Premier Station Wagon: 1410mm. Sandman Panel Van: 1608mm. Sandman Utility: 1399mm.
Curb weight: Kingswood SL Sedan: 1342kg. Premier Sedan: 1389kg. Monaro GTS Sedan: 1475kg. Kingswood SL Station Wagon: 1426kg. Premier Station Wagon: 1470kg. Sandman Panel Van: 1444kg. Sandman Utility: 1384kg.
Number produced: 154,155

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WB series  Produced from 1980 to 1984. A facelift version of the HZ series, which it replaced. Unlike the HZ and every other full size Holden models before it, the Holden WB was only offered in commercial vehicle bodystyles with no sedan or wagon passenger car variants. The LWB WB series models were marketed under the separate Statesman brand with no Holden branding.

The Holden WB series consisted of two Ute models, a Panel Van and a Cab & Chassis The Kingswood panel van, Sandman utility and Sandman panel van models were not carried over from the HZ commercial range. The WB range now only consisted of: Holden (utility and van). Holden Kingswood (utility). Holden One Tonner (cab & chassis)

The Kingswood utility had a black grate style  grille with rectangular headlights, unlike the basic models which shared a divided grille with circular headlights. In August 1980, the base models were given an update which gave them the same frontal treatment as the Kingswood utility.

Plans to produce sedan and wagon versions of the Holden WB were at an advanced stage but were not pursued. These models would have supplemented the new VB Commodore models in the family car market.

Statesman WB range of long-wheelbase luxury sedans, developed by GM-Holden in conjunction with the Holden WB series, was released in May 1980. Like their Statesman HZ predecessors, the two models in the Statesman WB range, the de Ville and the Caprice, were marketed as “Statesman” rather than as a “Holden”

WB Ute

A 3.3L 6cyl engine was standard a 4.2-litre V8 was offered as an option. The 5.0L V8 option was not carried over from the HZ range, yet was available by special request. The WB series was discontinued in late 84. Production of the Holden WB and  Statesman models. No replacement for the Holden WB was offered which brought to an end a continuous 34-year run of light commercial models based on the Holden passenger cars. This market was again  re-entered in 1990 with the VN Commodore based VG Ute.

Number produced: 60,231 _______________________________________________________________

VB Commodore Oct 1978 to March 1980. It was the first generation Commodore.

VB Commodore was  based on the 1977 Opel Rekord E body but with the front adapted from the Opel Senator to fit the larger Holden 6-cyl and V8 engines.

The Commodore was a major shift for Holden as it was significantly smaller than the previous full-size family car (Kingswood) closer in size to the mid-size Torana / Sunbird. It was in response to the 73 Oil Crisis and the need to produce fuel-efficient cars. Holden, hedging their bets, initially built the Commodore alongside the other two established body styles, until the Torana was dropped in mid-1979, with only the Sunbird surviving into mid-1980 following release of the updated VC Commodore. The VB was available in three specification levels: Commodore, Commodore SL, and Commodore SL/E. A station wagon variant – not available in SL/E form – was released on 24 July 1979, It featured a large cargo area and an easy access one-piece lift-up tailgate.

The engines were largely carried over from the Kingswood: a 2.85-litre 64Kw six, 3.3-litre 71KW six, 4.2-litre 87KW V8, which was also available with dual exhausts to produce 96KW, and a 5.0-litre 114 KW V8, which in dual exhaust form was rated at 125kw. The engine blocks on these motors were painted red and are therefore commonly referred to as the Red motors. The VB was also available with either a 4-speed manual or a three-speed Trimatic, or the Turbo-Hydramatic 350/400 automatic transmission with the 5.0-litre V8.

Specifications:

Engine Types:

These engines were the Holden Red engines (similar to kingswood engines)

  • Holden Red 2.85L (173cu) straight six
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder Max Power: 64kW@4000 RPM Max Torque: 198Nm
  • Holden Red 3.3L (202cu) straight six
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder Max Power: 66kW@3600 RPM Max Torque: 221Nm
  • Holden Red 4.2L (253cu) V8
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder Max Power: 87kW (with a single exhaust), 96kW (with a dual exhaust)
  • Holden Red 5.0L (308cu) V8
    Induction: carburetor Valvetrain: overhead valves, 2 valves / cylinder

Transmissions:

  • 4-speed manual
  • Tri-Matic 3-speed automatic
  • Turbo-Hydramatic 3-speed 350 and 400 for 5.0L V8

Steering:

Type: Rack and pinion, manual or power steering Turns lock to lock: 2.6 (power steering)

Brakes:

Front: Discs
Rear: Drums, or discs (discs on V8’s)

Number Built: 95, 906

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VC Commodore  30 March 1980 Oct 1981 and is  distinguished by its “eggcrate” style grille. The VC had a number of improvements over the VB and maintained the it’s place as the best selling car in Australia.

VC Commodore

Improvements included updates to suspension to improve ride and handling, cosmetic changes and new options like Cruise Control.

The biggest changes were a series of engine upgrades including redesigned cylinder heads. A single intake and exhaust port for every cylinder, intake/exhaust manifolds improvements. New camshafts and pistons and an new carburetor named the Rochester Varajet, as well as new electronic ignition. These upgrades brought up to 25% more power and 15% better fuel economy. The  block on these engines were painted a blue (as opposed to the previous red) and were referred to as the Blue Motor.

A new 1.9L 4-cyl engine was introduced. Called the Starfire four, the new engine was the 2.85L blue 6 engine with 2 cylinders removed. Also used in the UC Sunbird, the engine was fitted to the Commodore in response to 79 energy crisis. The new engine was not a great success, it lacked power which meant the engine needed to be pushed harder to deliver the required performance, which meant any fuel saving were lost.

A new spec level was added: the L, The mid-range SL and SL/E flagship. Transmission choices remained the same as the VB .

Specification:
Assembly: Aust: Dandenong, Vic; Elizabeth, South Aust. NZ: Trentham. Indonesia (CKD)
Engines: 4 Cyl 1.9 L 58 kW Starfire 6 Cyl 2.85 L 76 kW Blue 6 Cyl 3.3 L 83 kW  Blue V8 4.2 L 100 kW Blue V8 4.2 L 115 kW Blue (dual exhaust) V8 5.0 L 115 kW Blue V8 5.0 L 126 kW Blue (dual exhaust)
Transmission: 4-speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions Wheelbase 2,668 mm Length 4,706–4,730 mm Width 1,722–1,736 mm Height 1,379–1,375 mm Curb weight 1,158–1,348 kg Number produced: 121,807.

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VH Commodore 1981 to 1984. It was the third generation of the Commodore.

The VH Commodore was an evolution of the previous VC, released on 5 October 81. The front appearance was mildly different with new horizontal-slat grille, new lighting components designed to give a lower, wider look. This also improved aerodynamics.

VH Commodore SL

All engines were carried over from the VC, revisions were made to the 1.9L 4cyl and 2.85L 6cyl engines to improve fuel economy.

An additional 5 speed manual was an option only on the 1.9L 4cyl and the 2.85L 6cyl. A 4142 cc V8 engine was available from the beginning of the VC model launch. A more powerful 5.0L was added later in  the model run.

A reshuffle was made to the VH range  the SL was the base model, the SL/X was introduced as the mid-range car, with SL/E remaining the top end model but in sedan only. The SL/E was also available with optional cruise control and a  newly introduced trip computer. Wagons were only available in SL and SL/X model variations.

In September 1982 the Commodore SS was released. This model stayed in the range until 2017. The SS stands for “Sports Sedan”. Optioned with the Holden 4.2L V8 as standard on the factory SS. In addition there were three hi-spec versions produced by HDT Special Vehicles. These models were “SS Group 1”, “SS Group 2” and “SS Group 3”. The Group 3 used the highly tuned Holden 5.0L V8 which produced 184 kW (247 hp) at 4750 rpm.

Specifications: Assembled in Aust at Dandenong, Vict and Elizabeth, South Aust, also Trentham, NZ.
Engines: 4 Cyl 1.9 L 54 kW Starfire 6 Cyl 2.85 L 73 kW Blue 6 Cyl 3.3 L 83 kW  Blue V8 4.2 L 100 kW Blue V8 4.2 L 115 kW Blue V8 5.0 L 115 kW Blue V8 5.0 L 126 kW Blue
Transmission: 4-speed manual,  5 speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase: 2,668 mm
Length: 4,706 sedan, 4,730 mm wagon.
Width: 1,722mm.
Height: 1,363 mm.
Curb weight: 1,152–1,326 kg.
Number produced: XXXXXXX. _______________________________________________________________

VK Commodore was introduced February 1984 and stopped February 1986. It was the first to have plastic bumpers and this model rear quarter windows for a 6-window design were introduced. This made it similar in appearance to the Opel Senator. Other changes for the VK were a front grille redesign and revamped dashboard instrumentation that included full digital for the new luxury model, the Calais.

The VK exterior was updated with more modern and aggressive appearance. Including a new grille design which very different from previous models. 3 bold strips rather than a metallic grille, the now plastic front and rear bumpers/skirts replacing the obsolete metal guards, a new rear tail light assembly, whereby they now spread from one side to another with a black panel in between.

VK Commodore Berlina

The VK Holden models range added new names for the spec levels. The Executive now a stand-alone model beside the base model SL. The Executive was basically a Commodore SL with auto transmission and power steering. It was aimed at the fleet market, a market that it lost when the smaller bodied Commodore originally replaced the Kingswood. The Berlina replaced the SL/X with Calais replacing the SL/E. The wagon body style was available in SL, Executive or Berlina variations only The limited edition Vacationer was also continued over for a period from the VH. Other models produced were the Commodore SS sedan which had its own specification, courtesy of HDT.

Specifications: Assembled in Aust at Dandenong, Vic and Elizabeth, South Aust, also Trentham, NZ. Indonesia (CKD)
Engines: 4 Cyl 1.9 L 54 kW Starfire NZ only 6 Cyl 3.3 L 86 kW Black 6 Cyl 3.3 L 106 kW  EFI Black V8 5.0 L 126 kW Holden engine V8 4.9 L 196 kW Holden engine
Transmission: 4-speed manual,  5 speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase: 2,668 mm
Length: 4,716mm sedan, 4,730 mm wagon.
Width: 1,722mm.
Height: 1,360 mm.
Curb weight: 1,220–1,366 kg.
Number produced: 135,705. ______________________________________________________________

VL Commodore. Feb 1986 Aug 1988 and was a substantial makeover of the VK Commodore.

The the lines were softened from the VK, rounding off the panels, introducing a small tail spoiler built into the boot-lid. Holden also used rectangular headlamps. For Calais they incorporated the use of semi-retracting headlight covers, the first for Holden.

Major changes were made with new instruments, touch switches mounted either side controlling wipers, rear window demister, electric aerial on the Berlina & Calais) and other changes.

VL Berlina Wagon

The VK engine was dropped in and an imported 3.0L RB30E 6cyl supplied by Nissan Japan. This Nissan-Holden combination was brought about because all cars manufactured in Australia from 1 Jan 86 had to run on unleaded 91 fuel. The old VK six-cylinder Black engine and the V8 was unable to do this. The new engines had features such as an Electronic Combustion Control System (ECCS) and a ram-tuned intake manifold.

Interior
Holden VL Calais Turbo
Holden VL Calais Turbo

6 months after the introduction a 150KW turbo version of the Nissan engine was introduced. Breaking power for the turbo models was upgraded. Holden also used an electronic four-speed auto. The manual used the 5-speed Nissan gearbox.

The NZ assembled 6cyl VLs had a 2.0-litre Nissan RB20 6cyl available as an option in addition to the 3.0L models. The engine was matched to the Jatco 4-speed auto. the 5.0L V8 remained available with carburetor and the old 3-speed auto. NZ models did not have to have the same Aussie emission controls. The 2.0L engine was also used in exports to South East Asian countries such as Singapore and Thailand but these were imported fully assembled from Australia. The VL Commodore was the last Holden to be assembled in Indonesia. This model was also sold in Indonesia, as the Holden Calais 2000.

Models

Models were: Commodore SL, Executive and Berlina variations, the VL included a luxury Calais model. Known as the Holden Calais not using the Commodore name. A limited run of Calais wagons were produced 198. The model ran from March 88 to production end in August 88. The Calais wagon was released late in the VL’s model run only to reduce their excessive stock pile of wagon bodies. These wagon version of the Calais offered the same engine options available to sedan buyers.

V8 models were introduced in Oct 86. The next year, a special edition Commodore Vacationer was introduced. To commemorate the 1988 Australia’s 200 years and named the “Series 200” sedan on sale  from March 88. The Series 200 was supplied with 2-tone Champagne paintwork with air con, pwr steer elec windows, central locking, among other features over the base-line Commodore SL.

Luxury models the GTS and Commodore Royale were also available but only in NZ.

Specifications: Assembled in Aust at Dandenong, Vic and Elizabeth, South Aust, also Trentham, NZ. Indonesia (CKD)
Engines: 6 Cyl 2L  RB20E 16 Nissan NZ, Asia only 6 Cyl 3L RB30E 16 Nissan 6 Cyl  3L RB30ET 16 Nissan Tubo 150KW V8 5.0 L 122 kW Holden engine
Transmission: 4-speed manual,  5 speed manual, 3-speed automatic
Dimensions:
Wheelbase: 2668 mm
Length: 4766mm sedan, 4730 mm wagon.
Width: 1722mm.
Height: 1363mm. 1366mm
Curb weight: Commodore SL: 1250kg, Commodore Executive: 1280kg, Commodore Berlina: 1290kg, Holden Calais: 1350kg,
Number produced: 151,801. _____________________________________________________________________________

VN Commodore From 17 August 1988. It was a re-engineered of the Opel Omega and Senator. A Buick 3.8L V6 or the Holden V8 was used and the project  was believed to have cost Aust$200 million.

See the source image

The previous VL floor plan was widened and stretched to fit the larger Omega body. The VN could now match the rival Falcon for size. The VN  was available in Executive, S, SS, Berlina and Calais spec levels Holden offered a Ute with the first-Commodore based VG on sale from August 90. The  Statesman & Caprice were introduced in March 90. They were VN Commodore based, but used the longer wheelbase same as the VN Commodore wagon and VG Ute.

Changes in the of the Australian $ made it to expensive to continue with the Nissan engine used in the VL. Holden instead chose to manufacture their own 90-degree V6 based on an old Buick design. Initially it was imported from the US. The 5.0L V8 remained optional and power was boosted to 165 kW. Both these engines used the multi point GM EFI and the V6 using 3 coil-packs for ignition. Not known for its smoothness & quietness, the V6 was praised for its performance at the time. A fuel-injected, 2.0-litre 4cyl VN Commodore model was offered for some export markets including New Zealand and Singapore, and were sold as the Holden Berlina sharing an engine with the Opel Vectra.

The centre high-mount stop light (CHMSL) was introduced before to 1 July 89 as Australian regulations  required them to be fitted to all passenger cars manufactured from this date.

Sept 89 thee Series II was introduced, released with the EV6 engine. Some of the changes included new cast exhaust manifold, new camshaft sprocket profile and timing chain, improved air and fuel distribution to combustion chamber, re-calibrated ignition and injector firing within the engine management computer, wider conrod bearings and revised throttle uptake. The automatic transmission was also re-calibrated to match the new engines torque characteristics. The revisions helped reduce initial torque levels while improving the noise and vibration levels of the V6.

Commodore Executive

1990–1991 Holden Commodore Executive sedan

1988–1990 Holden Commodore Executive wagon

Executive the base model of the VN  range

Its standard features included:

  • 3.8-litre 125 kW (168 hp) V6 engine
  • 5-speed manual transmission
  • Power Steering
  • Power assisted disc brakes on all four wheels
  • 14 inch steel wheels

Optional included:

  • 5.0 L 165 kW (221 hp) V8 engine
  • 4-speed automatic transmission or
  • 5-speed manual transmission
  • Air Con
  • Cruise Control
  • Holden Formula Body-kit
  • 15 inch alloy wheels

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VP Commodore 1991 to 1993. The second  generation. Its range included the luxury variants, Berlina and Calais.

See the source image

The 3.8l V6 and 5.0l V8 from the VN were carried over, but the V6 engine received various revisions that improved its refinement and noise characteristics and power by 2kw. The 2.0l 4cyl engine which had been offered on the VN in certain export markets was discontinued. IRS suspension became standard on Calais and Commodore SS models and became an optional extra on lower-end models. This new suspension drastically improving ride and handling over that offered by the live axle. ABS brakes were introduced in the range as an option on the Series 1 Calais and Commodore SS models, also on most models with IRS for Series II versions. Security features were introduced across the range, an ignition-disabling device and a driver’s door deadlock. Central locking and power mirrors were also a standard feature across the model range.

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VR Commodore 1993 to 1995. It was the third iteration of the second generation of the Commodore. Included the variants, Berlina and Calais and a commercial model, the Holden Ute.

See the source image

This model was updated with a sleeker, more modern design. Safety enhancements included ABS braking. From the side, the biggest change was the revised opening around the C-pillar and the use of a round rear wheel arch, instead of a squared-off shape used on the VN and VP. The VR Acclaim and Calais included a driver’s side SRS airbag as standard. The rear-end treatment saw raised tail lamps, which were recessed high up on the boot lid for safety reasons. A new electronic version of the TH700 automatic transmission was introduced. The VR Commodore was Wheels Car of the Year 1993.

Models:
Commodore Executive.  The base model of the range.
Commodore S. The cheapest sports variant. Similar to the Executive, with trim similar to the SS.
Commodore SS. Top of the line sports model of the range with a V8 engine.
Commodore Berlina. The cheapest luxury variant of the range.
Commodore Berlina LX.  The semi-luxury version. This model was between the Berlina and Calais.
Calais. The luxury version of the range. It was not badged or marketed as a Commodore.
Limited edition and other specification levels
Commodore SS V6. This was a limited production model which had all the features of the regular SS but with the 3.8L V6 instead of the 5.0L V8. It was produced to meet requirements for the Group 3E Production Cars. The SS V6’s rival was the EB2 Falcon XR6.
Commodore BT1. Or the Police Pack was a special pack that was available to the Australian and NZ Police. Based on the Executive and added specification upgrades to cater to the needs of the Police. Many thought that BT1 had a “cop chip” which increased the engine power, sorry that is a myth, the engine power is the same as in regular VP.
Commodore Vacationer. Was a limited edition model based on the Commodore Executive
Calais International.  A limited edition model based on the VP Calais and released in September 1992. Only 300 were made, 150 in Alaskan White 150 in Anthracite Grey. All with the V8 engine and auto transmission and had the SS lower kit with fog lights and a Caprice bootlip and unique International badges. The paint was single colour, unlike the standard Calais which had a grey lower half. Wheels were 15in alloys from the Statesman with Holden logos in the centre cap and the interior was black over tan, with tan partial leather/suede seats, and special leather SS style steering wheel.
Toyota Lexcen.  The Holden VP was marketed by Toyota as the Toyota Lexcen. The T2 series Lexcen was available in CSi, VXi.  A sedan and wagon body styles available. It was offered with the 3.8 litre V6 engine and the 4 speed auto trans.
Ute
HSV range. The enhanced performance VP range sold by Holden Special Vehicles (HSV)
Clubsport. HSV Clubsport was launched in 1991 with the same 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) V8 used in the VN Clubsport. A special edition for both the Senator and Clubsport called the 5000i.
GTS. The VP GTS program was rushed into production to compete with the Ford EB GT in Sept 92. Essentially made from the parts bin from the VN GRP A model, motor, brakes, spoiler kit. Being very popular at the time HSV continued with the GTS label, as HSV’s top of the range performance model, with some 130 produced in total. As with the VN a V6 version was sold exclusively in NZ.
Maloo. The Maloo utility was released in March 92. Only 49 were made in the 13 months of production,  15 were special HSV Fifth Anniversary Edition models, and 8 were All-Black limited editions.
Senator. Introduced in June 92, replacing the VP SV 91 as HSV most luxurious well appointed model, and is equivalent to the VN SV 5000 model.

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VS Commodore  1995 to 1997 and 2000 for utility versions. It was the fourth and final production of the second generation of this range included the luxury Berlina and Calais.

1996 Holden Commodore (VS) Equipe sedan (2015-07-15) 01.jpg

the VS served as a mechanical update and to assist sales before the all-new VT model launch in Aug 97. The of exterior changes were not much more than a redesigned Holden logo and wheel trims. An updated ECOTEC (Emissions and Consumption Optimisation through Technology) version of the Buick V6 coincided with the changes to the engine in the United States. The Ecotec engine had 13% more power, an increase of 17kw more than the VR, better fuel consumption by 5%. Safety features were  improved, with a passenger airbag becoming available.

The utility was released in April 95. The limited edition VS wagon with manual gearbox had a production run of 300 vehicles.

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VT Commodore  1997 to 2000. It was the first of the third generation of and the last one to be powered by a locally made V8 engine (1999). Its range included luxury variants, Berlina and Calais but not a new generation ute version.

1999 Holden Commodore (VT) SS sedan (2010-09-23) 01.jpg

The VT was Holden’s largest development yet. On launch, it won the 1997 Wheels Car Of The Year award, the fourth time that the award was won by a Commodore. It was readily acceptance in the market as many buyers did not like the more radically designed AU Falcon, becoming the best selling Commodore and placing it number one in Australian sales at the time. The VT Series II (VT II) was released in 99, before being replaced by the VX in 2000. In 98, the VT formed the basis of a prototype that became the catalyst for the reintroduction in 2001 of the Monaro coupé a model not seen since 1977.

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VX Commodore 2000 to 2002. It was the second of the third generation of this model. Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina and Holden Calais, and it formed the basis for a new generation Holden Ute (VU) and Monaro coupé.

The VX series has a minor restyling update to the VT series from 1997. It introduced greater Holden models differentiation along with gains in impact protection. An intermediate Series II was launched in August 2001, featuring a revised suspension system among other changes.

See the source image

Design

The exterior features a revised headlamp design over the VT among other changes. These include the tial light panel replaced by 2 separate  light assemblies. The Berlina and Calais sedans retain the full-width boot-lid panel including the tail lamps and the rego plate.

Safety

This played a substantial role in the development of the VX. BOSCH version 5.3 ABS were made standard on all variants, a first for an Australian made car; and traction control was made available on Holden models equipped with manual trans. Extensive research was done to reduce the effects from a side-impact collision through modification of the side pillars.

Engine and mechanicals

The VX introduced further mechanical upgrades to the 3.8-litre V6, which received changes to the engine management computer to increase power to 152 kilowatts. Also improved was fuel economy over the previous model. The Supercharged Ecotec V6 extended to the Executive and Acclaim, with the 171-kw output remaining unchanged from the VT. As well as the supercharged 6, an even more powerful 5.7-l Chev Gen111 V8 was offered. The powerplant received power increases from 220 to 225kw.

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VY Commodore  2002 to 2004. Its range included the luxury variants, Berlina & Calais, commercial versions were called the Holden One Tonner, Holden Ute, and Holden Crewman. In 2003 saw the introduction of the first Commodore-based AWD, including the Adventra wagon.

2003 Holden Commodore (VY II) 25th Anniversary sedan (2016-01-04) 01.jpg

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VZ Commodore  2004 to 2006 as a sedan, and to 2007 as a wagon and ute  Its range continued to with luxury variants, Berlina and Calais.

See the source image

 

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VE Commodore  From 2006 to 2013. It was the first of the fourth generation of this Holden Model. Included the luxury variants, Berlina and Calais; Ute models were included as the Holden Ute.

Unlike the VZ and all Holden models previous which used the Opel platforms adapted both mechanically and in size for the local market, the whole-new VE programme was the first Commodore to be developed exclusively by Holden Australia. Despite its status as an all new model, the engines the 3.6l V6 and more powerful 6.0l V8 were carried over from the VZ.

Holden implemented a staged roll-out of the VE, releasing the sedan in July 2006. Variants by Holden’s performance vehicle partner, (HSV), were released soon after the sedan’s debut alongside the LWB Statesman and Caprice models. The VE Ute did not enter production until 07. The Sportwagon was  introduced July 08 with the standard Commodore wheelbase instead of the extended wheelbase of previous Commodore wagons.

Updates to the VE have come in the form of model year changes from early 2007 onwards. Mostly subtle, these recurring changes involved alterations to colours and trim, increased standard equipment, and a reduction in fuel consumption. Noteworthy adjustments have come in the form of a smaller 3.0l V6 for entry-level versions and “Series II” styling revisions in late 2010.

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VF Commodore (VF)  June 2013 and October 2017. It was the second and last significantly restyled  of the fourth (and final) generation of the Holden models range to be made in Australia. Its range included the sedan and station wagon variants that sold under the luxury Calais name. Also available was the commercial utility variant that sold under the Holden Ute name.

 

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ZB Commodore.

ZB Commodore: Holden still in the hunt for fleets

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